Cell therapy is transplantation animal and human cells until we could repair the damaged organs and tissue.
Cell therapy has a purpose that presents cells into the body repair and improve damaged organs and tissue. Cell therapy has a different with conventional stem cell therapy in that infuse cells (muscle cells and gland cells and…) into body but we infuse embryonic cells into body in conventional stem cell. Physicians and practitioners used cell therapy in repair damaged cells.
In cell therapy has a theory that it name’s “theory behind cell therapy” and we have a lot of opinion in the theory that include of first discussion explained with Phillippus Aureolus Paracelsus, a physician and alchemist that wrote Der Grossen Wundartzney in 1936 which this book about surgery. He said in this book:
The heart heals the heart, lung heals the lung, spleen heals the spleen; like cures like.
In 1667 Louis XIV, Jean-Baptiste Denis at a lab tried to inject calf blood cell into mentally ill patients. The blood transfusion is inactive a type of cell therapy that could be the first evidenced case of this method.
The First documented try at non blood cellular therapy did in 1912 by German physician that when he tried to cure hypothyroidism in children with thyroid cells. Dr. Paul Niehans, a Swiss physician, physicians knows him a father of cell therapy. Paul Niehans after surgical accident by a colleague, tried replaced Patients thyroid glands with another glands. When cells become worst and rapidly destroy, Niehans resolved to divide parathyroid gland into tiny pieces. He mixed the pieces and infused them into Patients body. He related that when we infused the pieces into Patients body, unerringly the patient began to recovery and also the patient lived for another 30 years.
Physician prefer that till cure illness with several other different paths such as glandular therapy, xenotransplant therapy and fresh cell therapy. This method including infusion fetal animal cells such as sheep, cow and … and infusion human cell. Sometimes physicians might use several cells in this method. According the Paracelsus’s theory of “like cures like”. In fact the cells aren’t species particular but just organ particular. Physician can’t explain this type of cell therapy works but fans this method says that these cells traveled a one organ and stimulate organ and regeneration cellular structure. Benefactors of cellular cure believe that embryonic animal tissue consist of active therapeutic factors distinct of from mineral, vitamins, hormones and enzymes. The theory rejected by practitioners of conventional medicine.
Benefactors this method of cell therapy claim cell therapy can treat and rebuilt damaged tissue, repair damaged joint, strengthen a weakened immune system, treat autoimmune diseases such as AIDS and also cell therapy helped people suffered ills such as Alzheimer’s disease, epilepsy and Parkinson disease.
Cell therapies is still in the research and early clinical trial stage. In fact embryonic cells are cells existed in embryo before that they existed in muscle cells, brain cells and skin cells. In lab researchers can make a stem cell that these cells can replace in hurt organ. In 2008, researchers at the Diabetic Research Institute at the University of Miami in Florida able to covert a new cells from embryonic stem cell that these cells can produced insulin and this experiments did in mice. Stem Cells have been existed in bone marrow and these cells illustrate us whether these stem cells can turn to another cells or no.
Researchers at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago in January 2009 proclaimed that they had utilized a patient’s bone marrow stem cells for remission primary symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) but researchers didn’t see heal and recovery in patients that have an advanced symptoms. Another researchers are working that on curing symptoms of MS. Still researchers are working with utilizing chondrocyte cells to improve cartilage in joints.
Stem cell therapy has a field that including wide diseases and disorders but still now we see test in in tube and animal. The United States has created limitation about harvesting stem cell of embryos. Although researchers in the United States haven’t any limitation about stem cell without destroy. However a lot of researches did in many country such as Thailand, South Korea and China that we see a lot of limitations in these countries and these countries against with harvesting stem cell for experiment. A list of FDA confirmed clinical experiments including stem cell therapy that existed in this link; http://www.clinicaltrials.gov.
Physician utilized some paths and process to prepare cells. One way is extracted cells of host body and cultured these cells in lab plates and so that injected these cells into host body. Researchers utilize a way to removed fetal animal tissue and hold on these cells in salt water solution. So that researchers prepare these cells until infuse into host body or immediately they infused into host body. Before injection researchers preserved and kept cells in freeze dried or deep frozen. Infused cells might or might not be tasted for pathogens viruses, bacteria and parasites. Researchers working in a laboratories and they controlled the cells till prevent contamination in environment of lab plate. In the United States researchers utilized many methods of cell therapy. People should consult to cell therapy cures with extreme reservation. About efficacy of cell therapy we should ask licensed physician and we should accept risks and possible side effects about cell therapy. This reservation for patients that they want participate in cell therapy cures and these reservation advised by FDA (Food and drug administration).
We know that cell therapy has a wide range of treatments so that most of treatments are highly experimental and the full range of possible side effects of the cures is unexplored. In Anaphylactic shock (immune system reaction) and encephalitis are explore reported side effects in some patients until now.
Patients in cell therapy cure that utilize cells transplant from other humans or animal and patients faces a risk of cell rejection by immune system when immune system identify a new materials and substances and immune system attack them and destroy a foreign material. Some methods of cell therapy utilized special coatings on surfaces of cells until defraud cells to enter cells in body and immune cells can’t able to identify them. This way can causes to enter bacteria, viral, fungal, or parasitic infection. Testing and careful screening can decrease this risk for pathogens. Most of assertions made for these therapies are based on unequal document and these assertions don’t supported by controlled clinical experiments. Nowadays some theories in cell therapy are successful but another theories unproven for example cell therapy in cancer cure. We should keep on treat clinical with cell therapy measures.